Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

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The most common type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, which is diagnosed when your blood sugar is persistently high above the normal range over a long time. Your body either doesn’t use insulin in the right way or doesn’t make enough insulin. We need insulin to move glucose into cells to be used further for energy. Many people also have insulin resistance. But those who have diabetes can’t make enough insulin as needed.

Generally, type 2 diabetes develops in adults 45 and older. But today, the age of onset has dropped as rates of childhood obesity have increased. If blood sugar levels rise moderately over time, there may not be any symptoms of type 2 diabetes. When there are, the symptoms include increased thirst and urination, low energy levels, blurred vision, and sometimes weight loss.

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What causes type 2 diabetes?

Both lifestyle and genes play a crucial role in type 2 diabetes. The following factors may increase the risk:

  • Family history: Having a parent who has type 2 diabetes
  • Age: Being 45 or older
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Weight: Being overweight, particularly if you have a high waist-to-hip ratio
  • Inactivity: In addition to controlling weight, regular exercise lowers blood sugar by increasing insulin sensitivity and uptake of glucose from the blood
  • Gestational diabetes: A diabetes diagnosis during pregnancy or giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes can go unnoticed if blood sugar levels increase slowly over time. Again, the symptoms may be so subtle and infrequent that you may not notice them. Be mindful of the following symptoms, as they may be the signs of type 2 diabetes. If you see a change in any of these, see your doctor.

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Numbness, Tingling, or pain in the feet or hands
  • Increased frequency and volume of urination
  • Sores, cuts, and bruises that take longer to heal
  • Frequent yeast infections (in women)
  • Weight loss

How is type 2 diabetes treated?

Initially, Type 2 diabetes can be managed by lifestyle changes. Behavioral changes like becoming active and eating a healthier diet can help control blood sugar and lose or manage weight if overweight or obese. When the changes are not enough to manage type 2 diabetes, your doctor may prescribe medication like Metformin or insulin therapy.

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Lifestyle changes to treat type 2 diabetes

Exercise:

Aim for at least 30 minutes of activity most days, like brisk walking, swimming, dancing, or biking. Combine stretching, aerobic, and resistance training for better blood sugar control. Be steady and consistent if you’re new to exercise.

Diet:

Avoid fad diets and focus on reducing calories, added sugar, and starchy foods. Emphasize whole vegetables and fruits, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats—drink unsweetened beverages. Consult a certified dietitian for a personalized plan.

Monitoring Blood Sugar:

Check your blood glucose levels regularly using a blood glucose monitor or a continuous glucose monitor (CGM). CGMs measure interstitial glucose levels through a sensor inserted under your skin, providing real-time data for better management.

Medications for type 2 diabetes

Metformin

Widely prescribed for type 2 diabetes, Metformin reduces how much glucose the liver makes and how much glucose your body absorbs from food. It also improves insulin sensitivity, so the body uses insulin more effectively. Remember, Metformin is not suitable for patients with kidney problems. If your doctor has prescribed the medicine, Buy Metformin Online conveniently today.

Sulfonylureas

It helps your pancreas release more insulin. A few side effects include weight gain and low blood sugar.

Meglitinides

Another drug that helps the pancreas secrete more insulin is meglitinides. It works faster than sulfonylureas, but the effect lasts longer.

Pioglitazone

The medicine helps insulin work well in the muscles. Some side effects include an increase in body weight, fluid retention, and risk for heart failure.

Insulin therapy

Injecting insulin regularly can help if your body isn’t making enough for itself. Over time, you need to increase the amount of insulin you take.

The bottom line

If you have diabetes, talk to your healthcare provider about the best treatment plan for you, which may include a combination of lifestyle changes and proper medications. For convenience, order your needful medicines online at Medsforless. Consult our licensed experts today and discuss your diabetic condition. Buy Metformin and get doorstep delivery in a few easy clicks.

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